5 years ago

Dual antioxidant structures with potent anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic and cytoprotective properties

Dual antioxidant structures with potent anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic and cytoprotective properties
Novel amide derivatives of trolox, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, (E)-3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)acrylic acid and cinnamic acid with cysteamine and l-cysteine ethyl ester were synthesised. In four cases, the disulfide derivatives were also isolated and tested. All compounds were examined for antioxidant activity, expressed as their ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation and to scavenge free radicals. They were found to demonstrate up to 17-fold better activity than that of the parent antioxidant acids. They could reduce acute inflammation up to 87%. The most active antioxidant compounds were further tested for their in vivo hypolipidemic effect, which ranged from 47% to 73%, and for their ability to protect the liver against oxidative toxicity caused by high paracetamol dose. The disulfide derivatives of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid and cinnamic acid had no antioxidant activity and presented equal or lower anti-inflammatory effect than their thiol analogues, indicating that their molecular characteristics may not permit biological barrier penetration.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0960894X17309630

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