5 years ago

Polymeric seal degradation in nuclear power plants: Determination of physical and mechanical properties

Polymeric seal degradation in nuclear power plants: Determination of physical and mechanical properties
Christopher P. Porter, James P. Bezzina, Mark D. Ogden, Francis Clegg
To assess the suitability of different materials as polymeric seals in the Nuclear Industry three commercial samples of nitrile rubber at grades BA40, BA50, and BA60 have been tested. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to find the glass transition temperature (Tg) and a Lloyds Texture Analyser 500 (TA500) was used to find the ratio of energy returned during relaxation against energy applied during compression. The mechanical properties determined from these experiments were then compared against the materials infrared spectra to infer structural characteristics. These were in turn cross-analyzed against the materials ability to swell in a liquid solvent and absorption behavior in a gaseous solvent. From this information, a statement could be made about each material's capacity to perform as a seal. It was thus found that the high energy retention and low absorption characteristics of BA40 made this material the best choice out of those studied for use as a polymeric seal in the nuclear industry. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 135, 45814.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/app.45814

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