4 years ago

Prodomain-Growth Factor Swapping in the Structure of pro-TGF-{beta}1

B., Lu, Zhao, Springer, X., Dong, T. A., S., Xu, C.
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-{beta} is synthesized as a proprotein that dimerizes in the endoplasmic reticulum. After processing in the Golgi to cleave the N-terminal prodomain from the C-terminal growth factor (GF) domain in each monomer, pro-TGF-{beta} is secreted and stored in latent complexes. It is unclear which prodomain and GF monomer are linked prior to proprotein convertase (PC) cleavage, and how much conformational change occurs following cleavage. We have determined a structure of pro-TGF-{beta}1 with the PC cleavage site mutated, to mimic the structure of the TGF-{beta}1 proprotein. Our structure demonstrates that the prodomain arm domain in one monomer is linked to the GF that interacts with the arm domain in the other monomer in the dimeric structure, i.e., the prodomain arm domain and GF domain in each monomer are swapped. Swapping has important implications for the mechanism of biosynthesis in the TGF-{beta} family and is relevant to the mechanism for preferential formation of heterodimers over homodimers for some members of the TGF-{beta} family. Our structure also provides comparisons between independent TGF-{beta}1 crystal structures and between human and porcine pro-TGF-{beta}1.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/165415v1

DOI: 10.1101/165415

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