4 years ago

How Chemical Composition Alone Can Predict Vibrational Free Energies and Entropies of Solids

How Chemical Composition Alone Can Predict Vibrational Free Energies and Entropies of Solids
Jesús Carrete, Ambroise van Roekeghem, Stefano Curtarolo, Natalio Mingo, Fleur Legrain
Computing vibrational free energies (Fvib) and entropies (Svib) has posed a long-standing challenge to the high-throughput ab initio investigation of finite temperature properties of solids. Here, we use machine-learning techniques to efficiently predict Fvib and Svib of crystalline compounds in the Inorganic Crystal Structure Database. Using descriptors based simply on the chemical formula and using a training set of only 300 compounds, mean absolute errors of less than 0.04 meV/K/atom (15 meV/atom) are achieved for Svib (Fvib), whose values are distributed within a range of 0.9 meV/K/atom (300 meV/atom.) In addition, for training sets containing fewer than 2000 compounds, the chemical formula alone is shown to perform as well as, if not better than, four other more complex descriptors previously used in the literature. The accuracy and simplicity of the approach means that it can be advantageously used for fast screening of chemical reactions at finite temperatures.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00789

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00789

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.