Elastic Properties of Pore-Spanning Apical Cell Membranes Derived from MDCK II Cells
The mechanical response of adherent, polarized cells to indentation is frequently attributed to the presence of an endogenous actin cortex attached to the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane. Here, we scrutinized the elastic properties of apical membranes separated from living cells and attached to a porous mesh in the absence of intracellular factors originating from the cytosol, organelles, the substrate, neighbors, and the nucleus. We found that a tension-based model describes the data very well providing essentially the prestress of the shell generated by adhesion of the apical membrane patches to the pore rim and the apparent area compressibility modulus, an intrinsic elastic modulus modulated by the surface excess stored in membrane reservoirs. Removal of membrane-associated proteins by proteases decreases the area compressibility modulus, whereas fixation and cross-linking of proteins with glutaraldehyde increases it.
Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30933-5
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