Cooperative Nucleotide Binding in Hsp90 and Its Regulation by Aha1
The function of the molecular chaperone Hsp90 depends on large conformational changes, the rearrangement of local motifs, and the binding and hydrolysis of ATP. The size and complexity of the Hsp90 system impedes the detailed investigation of their interplay using standard methods. To overcome this limitation, we developed a three-color single-molecule FRET assay to study the interaction of Hsp90 with a fluorescently labeled reporter nucleotide in detail. It allows us to directly observe the cooperativity between the two nucleotide binding pockets in the protein dimer. Furthermore, our approach disentangles the protein conformation and the nucleotide binding state of Hsp90 and extracts the kinetics of the state transitions. Thereby, we can identify the kinetic causes mediating the cooperativity. We find that the presence of the first nucleotide prolongs the binding of the second nucleotide to Hsp90. In addition, we observe changes in the kinetics for both the open and the closed conformation of Hsp90 in dependence on the number of occupied nucleotide binding sites. Our analysis also reveals how the co-chaperone Aha1, known to accelerate Hsp90's ATPase activity, affects those transitions in a nucleotide-dependent and independent manner, thereby adding another layer of regulation to Hsp90.
Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30926-8
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.