A Model for Link Pruning to Establish Correctly Polarized and Oriented Tip Links in Hair Bundles
Tip links are thought to gate the mechanically sensitive transduction channels of hair cells, but how they form during development and regeneration remains mysterious. In particular, it is unclear how tip links are strung between stereocilia so that they are oriented parallel to a single axis; why their polarity is uniform despite their constituent molecules' intrinsic asymmetry; and why only a single tip link is present at each tip-link position. We present here a series of simple rules that reasonably explain why these phenomena occur. In particular, our model relies on each of the two ends of the tip link having distinct Ca2+-dependent stability and being connected to different motor complexes. A simulation employing these rules allowed us to explore the parameter space for the model, demonstrating the importance of the feedback between transduction channels and angled links, links that are 60° off-axis with respect to mature tip links. We tested this key aspect of the model by examining angled links in chick cochlea hair cells. As implied by the assumptions used to generate the model, we found that angled links were stabilized if there was no tip link at the tip of the upper stereocilium, and appeared when transduction channels were blocked. The model thus plausibly explains how tip-link formation and pruning can occur.
Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30922-0
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.