PLGA film/Titanium nanotubues as a sustained growth factor releasing system for dental implants
Ti-based implants sometimes fail to integrate with surrounding bone tissue due to insufficiency of new bone formation and surface bonding. To overcome this problem, this research focused on establishing a sustained bone growth factor delivery system by applying anodized TiO2 nanotube arrays and PLGA film on the titanium implant surface. TiO2 nanotube arrays were made by anodic oxidation method, and were then filled with rhBMP2 by vacuum freeze-drying. Next, PLGA was deposition on the surface of this material. The designed system was characterized, pharmacokinetic release rate of rhBMP2 was determined. Adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation activity of osteoblasts cultured on the new surfaces and traditional titanium surfaced were compared. SEM showed that a surface of TiO2 nanotube arrays were successfully generated. PLGA membranes of 50 nm, 250 nm, 800 nm thickness were successfully deposited on the surfaces of TiO2 nanotube layers by using 1%, 3%, 10% PLGA solutions. PLGA film of 250 nm thickness showed ideally controlled release of rhBMP2, lasting for 4 weeks. Furthermore, 250 nm thickness PLGA film improved osteoblast adhesion, proliferation, and levels of alkaline phosphatase. In conclusion, the PLGA film / TiO2 nanotube growth factor delivery system can effectively sustain the release of rhBMP-2, and promote proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10856-018-6138-1
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