3 years ago

Single-walled carbon nanotube: One specific inhibitor of cancer stem cells in osteosarcoma upon downregulation of the TGFβ1 signaling

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to have a critical role in tumorigenesis, metastasis, therapeutic resistance or recurrence. Therefore, strategies designed to specifically target and eliminate CSCs have become one of the most promising and desirable ways for tumor treatment. Osteosarcoma stem cells (OSCs), the CSCs in osteosarcoma (OS), are critically associated with OS progression. Here, we show that single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), including unmodified SWCNT (SWCNT-Raw) and SWCNT-COOH, have the ability to specifically inhibit the process of TGFβ1-induced OS cells dedifferentiation, prevent the stem cell phenotypes acquisition in OS cells and reduce the OSC viability under conditions which mimic the OS microenvironment. Concurrently, SWCNT treatment significantly down-regulates the expression of OSC markers in OS, and markedly reduces the tumor microvessel density and tumor growth. Furthermore, we found that SWCNT could suppress the TGFβ1-induced activation of TGFβ type I receptor and downstream signaling, which are key for the OSC formation and maintenance. Our results reveal an unexpected function of SWCNT in negative modulation of OSCs, and provide significant implications for the potential CSCs-targeted therapeutic applications of SWCNT.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0142961217306178

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.