3 years ago

Platelet CD40 Mediates Leukocyte Recruitment and Neointima Formation after Arterial Denudation Injury in Atherosclerosis-Prone Mice

The role of platelets in the development of thrombosis and abrupt closure after angioplasty is well recognized. However, the direct impact of platelets on neointima formation after arterial injury remains undetermined. Here we show that neointima formation after carotid artery wire injury reduces markedly in CD40−/−apoE−/− mice but only slightly in CD40L−/−apoE−/− mice, compared with apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE−/−) mice. Wild-type and CD40-deficient platelets were isolated from blood of apoE−/− and CD40−/−apoE−/− mice, respectively. Intravenous injection of thrombin-activated platelets into CD40−/−apoE−/− mice was performed every five days starting at two days before wire injury. Injection of wild-type platelets promoted neointima formation, which was associated with increased inflammation by stimulating leukocyte recruitment via up-regulation of circulating platelet surface P-selectin expression and the formation of platelet-leukocyte aggregates and further promoting the luminal deposition of platelet-derived RANTES/CCL5 and expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule1 in wire-injured carotid arteries. Remarkably, all these inflammatory actions by activated platelets were abrogated by lack of CD40 on injected platelets. Moreover, injection of wild-type platelets inhibited endothelial recovery in wire-injured carotid arteries but this effect was also abrogated by lack of CD40 on injected platelets. Results suggest that platelet CD40 plays a pivotal role in neointima formation after arterial injury and might represent an attractive target to prevent restenosis following vascular interventions.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0002944017300093

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.