Post-translational remodeling of ryanodine receptor induces calcium leak leading to Alzheimer’s disease-like pathologies and cognitive deficits
The mechanisms underlying ryanodine receptor (RyR) dysfunction associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) are still not well understood. Here, we show that neuronal RyR2 channels undergo post-translational remodeling (PKA phosphorylation, oxidation, and nitrosylation) in brains of AD patients, and in two murine models of AD (3 × Tg-AD, APP +/− /PS1 +/−). RyR2 is depleted of calstabin2 (KFBP12.6) in the channel complex, resulting in endoplasmic reticular (ER) calcium (Ca2+) leak. RyR-mediated ER Ca2+ leak activates Ca2+-dependent signaling pathways, contributing to AD pathogenesis. Pharmacological (using a novel RyR stabilizing drug Rycal) or genetic rescue of the RyR2-mediated intracellular Ca2+ leak improved synaptic plasticity, normalized behavioral and cognitive functions and reduced Aβ load. Genetically altered mice with congenitally leaky RyR2 exhibited premature and severe defects in synaptic plasticity, behavior and cognitive function. These data provide a mechanism underlying leaky RyR2 channels, which could be considered as potential AD therapeutic targets.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00401-017-1733-7
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