Prevalence and Predictors of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
Background and Aims
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) might be associated with a new onset or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aim to evaluate the prevalence of post-LSG GERD symptoms and its predictors.
We included patients who underwent primary LSG at a university hospital from 2009 to 2015. We used the GERD-Health-Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire and included questions regarding regurgitation to evaluate symptoms before and after LSG; each item was scored from 1 to 5 based on the symptom severity.
A total of 213 patients (mean age, 36.08 ± 10.22 years; 48.36% were men) were included. The mean preoperative body mass index (BMI) was 47.84 kg/m2, mean percent total weight loss was 37.99% (95% CI, 36.64 to 39.34), mean percent excess weight loss was 84.14% (95% CI, 80.91 to 87.36), and the mean percent excess BMI loss was 84.17% (95% CI, 80.94 to 87.41). The mean heartburn score while standing increased (0.71 vs. 1.09, p < 0.01) as well as the score of heartburn requiring a diet change (0.67 vs. 1.16, p < 0.01) post-LSG. The scores for dysphagia, odynophagia, and regurgitation increased. New-onset heartburn was reported in 47.06% of our cohort. Those with high preoperative BMIs were less likely to develop new-onset or worsening symptoms of GERD (odds ratio [OR], 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.95–0.99). More severe heartburn symptoms while standing were associated with higher risks of developing or worsening GERD symptoms (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.01–1.47). None of the other variables could predict the development or worsening of the GERD symptoms.
Symptoms of heartburn and regurgitation are common after LSG; however, none of the variables preoperatively could strongly predict patients who would develop new onset or experience worsening of symptoms postoperatively.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11695-017-2971-4
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