No influence of femoral component rotation by the lateral femoral posterior condylar cartilage remnant technique on clinical outcomes in navigation-assisted TKA
To investigate whether cartilage thickness in the lateral femoral posterior condyle affects the femoral rotation angles on navigation and clinical outcomes of navigation-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
This is a prospective randomized study of navigation-assisted TKA. Fifty cases underwent TKA without removal of the lateral posterior femoral cartilage (Group 1), and 56 cases underwent TKA with removal of the lateral posterior femoral cartilage (Group 2). The femoral rotation was evaluated using CT and compared with navigation values. The angle between the clinical transepicondylar axis and posterior condylar axis measured on CT was defined as the femoral rotation angle on CT. Elevation of the joint line and patellar measurements were also evaluated.
The clinical outcomes were not statistically different in the two groups. The radiographic measurements were not statistically different except femoral rotation angle on navigation. The mean femoral rotation angle of navigation was 4.0° ± 2.2° without cartilage removal and 5.1° ± 2.5° with cartilage removal. The reliability and validity were high between the femoral rotation angle on navigation in the cartilage removal group and that on CT, but there were no differences in clinical outcomes between the two groups.
There was little effect of navigation-assisted TKA on radiographic and clinical outcomes, although femoral rotational differences were caused by the lateral femoral posterior condylar cartilage. Although the rotational differences due to cartilage would be within the clinical safety margin, surgeons should consider that difference during TKA.
Level of evidence
Lower quality randomized trial (no masking), Level II.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00167-017-4662-z
Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.
Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.