5 years ago

Quadriceps strength impairment in the mid- to long-term follow-up period after total knee arthroplasty

Tetsuya Sakurai, Hideo Noguchi, Shin-ichi Toyabe, Junko Sato, Yoshinori Ishii



Quadriceps strength impairment after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) continues to be a concern. However, most studies of quadriceps strength have short-term follow-up periods. Whether quadriceps strength impairment occurs in the long-term follow-up period after TKA remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the quadriceps strength between posterior cruciate ligament-retaining (CR) and substituting (PS) design mobile-bearing TKA (1) in the same patients after an average of 10 years and (2) between TKA patients and age-matched controls.


A prospective, quasi-randomized design was used. Thirty-four patients (68 knees) who underwent bilateral TKA (CR on one side and PS on the other) were followed for a minimum of 5 years, and 35 age-matched controls (70 knees) were evaluated. A handheld dynamometer was used to measure quadriceps isometric strength. For each patient, the maximum value of three trials was used. The ratio of muscle strength to body weight (MS/BW ratio; N/kg) was used to evaluate outcomes.


The median MS/BW ratio was 3.3 (range 1.4–10.5) for CR 3.4 (range 0.9–9.3) for PS, and 4.6 (range 0.4–8.8) for controls. The MS/BW ratio did not differ between prosthesis designs, but was significantly smaller in both CR (p = 0.020) and PS (p = 0.024) than in controls.


Posterior cruciate ligament-retaining TKA does not confer a substantial advantage an average of 10 years postoperatively. In addition, quadriceps strength, as measured using a hand-held dynamometer, was significantly lower in both TKA patient groups than in age-matched controls. Clinically, the results of this study indicate that quadriceps-strengthening exercises should be continued in the long term after TKA.

Level of evidence


Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00167-016-4333-5

DOI: 10.1007/s00167-016-4333-5

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.