Central Hepatectomy Still Plays an Important Role in Treatment of Early-Stage Centrally Located Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Surgical management of centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (CL-HCC) poses a great challenge. Major hepatectomy (MH) might compromise future remnant liver volume (FRLV), while the long-term benefits of central hepatectomy (CH) had not been well demonstrated.
Consecutive patients with early-stage CL-HCC who underwent liver resection were enrolled. Fifteen patients underwent CH, while thirty-three were subjected to MH. All relevant clinicopathological variables were analyzed. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of both groups were compared.
There were no differences between CH and MH in terms of predisposing liver disease, tumor size, blood loss, complication rate and vascular invasion. Mean FRLV increased from 40.9 to 69.2% by using CH resection lines. The parenchymal transection time is longer in CH. There were no differences of DFS between two groups. The 5-year OS rates of CH and MH were 93.3 and 62.6%, respectively. MH was a poor prognostic factor.
CH is a relatively time-consuming and technique-demanding procedure, but excellent long-term survival could be achieved. CH could increase liver volume preservation without compromising intra-hepatic recurrence. In an endemic area of hepatitis and cirrhosis, CH should still play an important role in surgical treatment of CL-HCC.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-017-4096-2
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