4 years ago

Morbidity of cholecystectomy and gastric bypass in a national database

J. Österberg, L. Enochsson, E. Szabo, V. Wanjura, G. Sandblom, J. Ottosson
Background There is a strong association between obesity and gallstones. However, there is no clear evidence regarding the optimal order of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and cholecystectomy when both procedures are clinically indicated. Methods Based on cross-matched data from the Swedish Register for Cholecystectomy and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (GallRiks; 79 386 patients) and the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg; 36 098 patients) from 2007 to 2013, complication rates, reoperation rates and operation times related to the timing of RYGB and cholecystectomy were explored. Results There was a higher aggregate complication risk when cholecystectomy was performed after RYGB rather than before (odds ratio (OR) 1·35, 95 per cent c.i. 1·09 to 1·68; P = 0·006). A complication after the first procedure independently increased the complication risk of the following procedure (OR 2·02, 1·44 to 2·85; P < 0·001). Furthermore, there was an increased complication risk when cholecystectomy was performed at the same time as RYGB (OR 1·72, 1·14 to 2·60; P = 0·010). Simultaneous cholecystectomy added 61·7 (95 per cent c.i. 56·1 to 67·4) min (P < 0·001) to the duration of surgery. Conclusion Cholecystectomy should be performed before, not during or after, RYGB.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/bjs.10666

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