3 years ago

Surprising Stability of Larger Criegee Intermediates on Aqueous Interfaces

Surprising Stability of Larger Criegee Intermediates on Aqueous Interfaces
Joseph S. Francisco, Chong Q. Zhu, Xiao C. Zeng, Manoj Kumar, Jie Zhong
Criegee intermediates have implications as key intermediates in atmospheric, organic, and enzymatic reactions. However, their chemistry in aqueous environments is relatively unexplored. Herein, Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics (BOMD) simulations examine the dynamic behavior of syn- and anti-CH3CHOO at the air–water interface. They show that unlike the simplest Criegee intermediate (CH2OO), both syn- and anti-CH3CHOO remain inert towards reaction with water. The unexpected high stability of C2 Criegee intermediates is due to the presence of a hydrophobic methyl substituent on the Criegee carbon that lowers the proton transfer ability and inhibits the formation of a pre-reaction complex for the Criegee–water reaction. The simulation of the larger Criegee intermediates, (CH3)2COO, syn- and anti-CH2C(CH3)C(H)OO on the water droplet surface suggests that strongly hydrophobic substituents determine the reactivity of Criegee intermediates at the air–water interface. A drop in reactivity: A hydrophobic methyl substituent on the Criegee carbon atom lowers the proton transfer ability and inhibits the formation of pre-reaction complex for the Criegee–water reaction. Criegee intermediates with hydrophobic substituents (longer than C1) have longer survival time on the surface of water droplets.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201702722

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