New results on the existence of open loop Nash equilibria in discrete time dynamic games via generalized Nash games
We address the problem of finding conditions which guarantee the existence of open-loop Nash equilibria in discrete time dynamic games (DTDGs). A classical approach to DTDGs involves analyzing the problem using optimal control theory. Sufficient conditions for the existence of open-loop Nash equilibria obtained from this approach are mainly limited to linear-quadratic games (Başar and Olsder in Dynamic noncooperative game theory, 2nd edn, SIAM, Philadelphia, 1999). Another approach of analysis is to substitute the dynamics and transform the game into a static game. But the substitution of state dynamics makes the objective functions of the resulting static problems extremely hard to analyze. We introduce a third approach in which the dynamics are not substituted, but retained as constraints in the optimization problem of each player, resulting thereby in a generalized Nash game. Using this, we give sufficient conditions for the existence of open-loop Nash equilibria for a class of DTDGs where the cost functions of players admit a quasi-potential function. Our results apply with nonlinear dynamics and without stage additive cost functions, and allow constraints on state and actions spaces, and in some cases, yield a generalization of similar results from linear-quadratic games.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00186-018-0644-2