3 years ago

Yang-Mills Structure for Electron-Phonon Interactions.

Salvy P. Russo, Jamie M. Booth

This work presents a method of grouping the electron spinors and the acoustic phonon modes of polar crystals such as metal oxides into an SU(2) gauge theory. The gauge charge is the electron spin, which is assumed to couple to the transverse acoustic phonons on the basis of spin ordering phenomena in crystals such as V$_{2}$O$_{3}$ and VO$_{2}$, while the longitudinal mode is neutral. A generalization the Peierls mechanism is presented based on the discrete gauge invariance of crystals and the corresponding Ward-Takahashi identity. The introduction of a band index violates the Ward-Takahashi identity for interband transitions resulting in a longitudinal component appearing in the upper phonon band. Thus both the spinors and the vector bosons acquire mass and a crystal with an electronic band gap and optical phonon modes results. In the limit that the coupling of bosons charged under the SU(2) gauge group goes to zero, breaking the electron U(1) symmetry recovers the BCS mechanism. In the limit that the neutral boson decouples, a Cooper instability mediated by spin-wave exchange results from symmetry breaking, i.e. unconventional superconductivity mediated by magnetic interactions.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1808.05769

DOI: arXiv:1808.05769v1

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