Data-driven framework for real-time thermospheric density estimation.
In this paper, we demonstrate a new data-driven framework for real-time neutral density estimation via model-data fusion in quasi-physical ionosphere-thermosphere models. The framework has two main components: (i) the development of a quasi-physical dynamic reduced order model (ROM) that uses a linear approximation of the underlying dynamics and effect of the drivers, and (ii) dynamic calibration of the ROM through estimation of the ROM coefficients that represent the model parameters. We have previously demonstrated the development of a quasi-physical ROM using simulation output from a physical model and assimilation of non-operational density estimates derived from accelerometer measurements along a single orbit. In this paper, we demonstrate the potential of the framework for use with operational measurements. We use simulated GPS-derived orbit ephemerides with 5 minute resolution as measurements. The framework is a first of its kind, simple yet robust and accurate method with high potential for providing real-time operational updates to the state of the upper atmosphere using quasi-physical models with inherent forecasting/predictive capabilities.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1808.06014