4 years ago

Impairment of Primary Cilia Contributes to Visceral Adiposity of High Fat Diet-Fed Mice

Wei-jin Fang, Zhou-sheng Xiao, Ni Qiu, Hong-sheng Li, Zhi-min He, Yan Xiong
Deficiency of primary cilia formation by knockout kinesin family member 3A (Kif3a) in mature osteoblasts led to osteopenia and enhanced adipogenesis. Adipogenesis plays an important role in adipose tissue expansion by High-fat-diet (HFD) induced obesity. Whether primary cilia participate in high-fat-diet induced adiposity remains unclear. In this study, we found that the number and length of primary cilia and expression levels of KIF3A and intraflagellar transport 88 homolog (IFT88) mRNA and proteins reached peak on the day 3 of adipogenesis, followed by a decrease to reach low basal expression levels at day 9 when differentiated to lipid accumulating adipocytes in VAT-SVFs derived from lean mice. The number of primary cilia was reduced by shRNA and chemical methods, leading to elevated transcripts of Pparγ, Cebp-α, Srebp-1 and Fasn and protein levels of PPARγ and FASN. Similar to the proadipogenic effect by the inhibition of primary cilia formation in control VAT-SVFs, HFD caused severe reduction of primary cilia formation and enhancement of adipogenesis in VAT-SVFs cultures. Flow cytometry analysis revealed percentage of G2/M phase cells and the protein expression of Cyclin A2 and CDK2 increased in control VAT-SVFs by knockdown of primary cilia with shRNA or chemical methods and HFD induced obese VAT-SVFs. In conclusion, the expression of primary cilia was in reverse correlation with adipogenic differentiation. HFD caused severe defects of primary cilia in VAT-SVFs, leading to adipose tissue expansion by enhancement of adipogenesis through promoting cell cycle re-entry at the early stage of adipogenesis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26253

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.