3 years ago

In Silico Identification and In Vitro Validation of Novel KPC-2 {beta}-lactamase Inhibitors

D., Linciano, Celenza, L., Klein, J., Brenk, Tondi, Papaioannou, R., P., S., G., Cendron, Blazquez, Bellio
Bacterial resistance has become a worldwide concern, particularly after the emergence of resistant strains overproducing carbapenemases. Among these, the KPC-2 carbapenemase represents a significant clinical challenge, being characterized by a broad substrate spectrum that includes aminothiazoleoxime and cephalosporins such as cefotaxime. Moreover, strains harboring KPC-type {beta}-lactamases are often reported as resistant to available {beta}-lactamase inhibitors (clavulanic acid, tazobactam and sulbactam). Therefore, the identification of novel non {beta}-lactam KPC-2 inhibitors is strongly necessary to maintain treatment options. This study explored novel, non-covalent inhibitors active against KPC-2, as putative hit candidates. We performed a structure-based in silico screening of commercially available compounds for non-{beta}-lactam KPC-2 inhibitors. Thirty-two commercially available high-scoring, fragment-like hits were selected for in vitro validation and their activity and mechanism of action vs the target was experimentally evaluated using recombinant KPC-2. N-(3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl)-3-fluorobenzamide (11a), in light of its ligand efficiency (LE = 0.28 kcal/mol/non-hydrogen atom) and chemistry, was selected as hit to be directed to chemical optimization to improve potency vs the enzyme and explore structural requirement for inhibition in KPC-2 binding site. Further, the compounds were evaluated against clinical strains overexpressing KPC-2 and the most promising compound reduced the MIC of the {beta}-lactam antibiotic meropenem by four fold.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/396283v1

DOI: 10.1101/396283

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