3 years ago

Factors dominating 3-dimensional ozone distribution during high tropospheric ozone period

Factors dominating 3-dimensional ozone distribution during high tropospheric ozone period
Data from an in situ monitoring network and five ozone sondes are analysed during August of 2012, and a high tropospheric ozone episode is observed around the 8th of AUG. The Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) model and its process analysis tool were used to study factors and mechanisms for high ozone mixing ratio at different levels of ozone vertical profiles. A sensitive scenario without chemical initial and boundary conditions (ICBCs) from MOZART4-GEOS5 was applied to study the impact of stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE) on vertical ozone. The simulation results indicated that the first high ozone peak near the tropopause was dominated by STE. Results from process analysis showed that: in the urban area, the second peak at approximately 2 km above ground height was mainly caused by local photochemical production. The third peak (near surface) was mainly caused by the upwind transportation from the suburban/rural areas; in the suburban/rural areas, local photochemical production of ozone dominated the high ozone mixing ratio from the surface to approximately 3 km height. Furthermore, the capability of indicators to distinguish O3-precursor sensitivity along the vertical O3 profiles was investigated. Two sensitive scenarios, which had cut 30% anthropogenic NOX or VOC emissions, showed that O3-precursor indicators, specifically the ratios of O3/NOy, H2O2/HNO3 or H2O2/NOZ, could partly distinguish the O3-precursor sensitivity between VOCs-sensitive and NOx-sensitive along the vertical profiles. In urban area, the O3-precursor relationship transferred from VOCs-sensitive within the boundary layer to NOx-sensitive at approximately 1–3 km above ground height, further confirming the dominant roles of transportation and photochemical production in high O3 peaks at the near-ground layer and 2 km above ground height, respectively.

Graphical abstract



Distribution and formation mechanism of 3-dimensional ozone in urban/suburban/rural areas. Applications of O3-precursor sensitivity and its indicators in the vertical direction.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0269749117337387

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