4 years ago

Determination of element composition and extraterrestrial material occurrence in moss and lichen samples from King George Island (Antarctica) using reactor neutron activation analysis and SEM microscopy

Andrzej Kornaś, Kamil Brudecki, Tatiana Ostrovnaya, Vladimir Tselmovich, Marina V. Frontasyeva, Jerzy W. Mietelski, Maria A. Olech, Katarzyna Szufa, Tomasz Mróz


Seven lichens (Usnea antarctica and U. aurantiacoatra) and nine moss samples (Sanionia uncinata) collected in King George Island were analyzed using instrumental neutron activation analysis, and concentration of major and trace elements was calculated. For some elements, the concentrations observed in moss samples were higher than corresponding values reported from other sites in the Antarctica, but in the lichens, these were in the same range of concentrations. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and statistical analysis showed large influence of volcanic-origin particles. Also, the interplanetary cosmic particles (ICP) were observed in investigated samples, as mosses and lichens are good collectors of ICP and micrometeorites.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-017-0431-2

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0431-2

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