5 years ago

Live-cell imaging of cell signaling using genetically encoded fluorescent reporters

Live-cell imaging of cell signaling using genetically encoded fluorescent reporters
Jin Zhang, Sohum Mehta, Qiang Ni
Synergistic advances in fluorescent protein engineering and live-cell imaging techniques in recent years have fueled the concurrent development and application of genetically encoded fluorescent reporters that are tailored for tracking signaling dynamics in living systems over multiple length and time scales. These biosensors are uniquely suited for this challenging task, owing to their specificity, sensitivity, and versatility, as well as to the noninvasive and nondestructive nature of fluorescence and the power of genetic encoding. Over the past 10 years, a growing number of fluorescent reporters have been developed for tracking a wide range of biological signals in living cells and animals, including second messenger and metabolite dynamics, enzyme activation and activity, and cell cycle progression and neuronal activity. Many of these biosensors are gaining wide use and are proving to be indispensable for unraveling the complex biological functions of individual signaling molecules in their native environment, the living cell, shedding new light on the structural and molecular underpinnings of cell signaling. In this review, we highlight recent advances in protein engineering that are likely to help expand and improve the design and application of these valuable tools. We then turn our focus to specific examples of live-cell imaging using genetically encoded fluorescent reporters as an important platform for advancing our understanding of G protein-coupled receptor signaling and neuronal activity. Genetically encoded fluorescent reporters comprise an ever-expanding array of molecular tools that allow researchers to directly visualize different aspects of intracellular signaling within living cells. This review explores several recent innovations and advances in the design and application of genetically encoded fluorescent reporters to illuminate the mechanics of intracellular signaling pathways with increasing clarity.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/febs.14134

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.