4 years ago

Rapid Profiling and Identification of Puerarin Metabolites in Rat Urine and Plasma after Oral Administration by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer

Puerarin, a bioactive natural C-glycoside isoflavonoid isolated from Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi, possesses many potential health benefits. However, the in vivo metabolic fates of puerarin have not been comprehensively clarified yet. In this study, an efficient strategy based on UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer in both positive and negative ion modes was developed to profile and characterize puerarin metabolites in rat urine and plasma. Meanwhile, post-acquisition data-mining methods including high-resolution extracted ion chromatogram (HREIC) and multiple mass defect filtering (MMDF) were utilized to screen potential puerarin metabolites from HR-ESI-MS1 stage. The mass fragmentation behaviors of five reference standards, including puerarin, daidzin, daidzein, genistin, and genistein, were comprehensively studied for construction of diagnostic product ions (DPIs), which could be employed to implement rapid identification of puerarin metabolites. Finally, a total of 66 metabolites (prototype compound included) were tentatively or positively identified based on standard substances, chromatographic retention times, accurate mass measurement, and corresponding ClogP values. Our results demonstrated that puerarin underwent multiple in vivo metabolic reactions including methylation, hydroxylation, dehydroxylation, hydrogenation, deglycosylation, glycosylation, sulfonation, glucuronidation, and their complicated reactions. In conclusion, the newly discovered puerarin metabolites significantly expanded the understanding on its pharmacological effects and built the foundation for further toxicity and safety studies.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1570023217315581

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