4 years ago

Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring

Microengineering of Optical Properties of GeO2 Glass by Ultrafast Laser Nanostructuring
Ausra Cerkauskaite, Jianrong Qiu, Fangteng Zhang, Rokas Drevinskas, Peter G. Kazansky
Nanostructuring in glass by ultrafast laser paves the way for integrated optics. In this paper, form birefringence induced by ultrafast laser direct writing in GeO2 glass is systematically investigated. It is shown that the pulse energy for maximum retardance in GeO2 glass is ≈65% lower than in fused silica. The induced retardance by laser scanning is two times higher than that by stationary irradiation under the same processing conditions. The optimum pulse duration for maximum retardance in GeO2 glass lies within sub-picosecond region, i.e., typically around 500 fs, while in fused silica it is in the picosecond regime at around 1–2 ps. A reversed polarization dependence of retardance at low pulse densities and low pulse repetition rates is observed in GeO2 glass. As a result, two optical applications including a radial polarization vortex converter and a computer-generated hologram are demonstrated in GeO2 glass by spatial manipulation of the optical axis of the locally induced form birefringence. The microengineering of optical properties of GeO2 glass by ultrafast laser direct writing may lead to new applications in near-/mid-infrared optics. Ultrafast laser direct-write nanostructuring of GeO2 glass leads to the formation of local form birefringence with a polarization-dependent optical slow axis. Manipulation of the retardance value and the orientation of the local optical axis of the induced-form birefringence enables fabrication of various optical elements with continuous phase profiles such as radial polarization vortex converters and computer-generated holograms.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adom.201700342

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.