3 years ago

Activatable Singlet Oxygen Generation from Lipid Hydroperoxide Nanoparticles for Cancer Therapy

Activatable Singlet Oxygen Generation from Lipid Hydroperoxide Nanoparticles for Cancer Therapy
Fuwu Zhang, Xiaoyuan Chen, Zijian Zhou, Jibin Song, Guocan Yu, Wenpei Fan, Zhen Yang, Liming Nie, Lisen Lin, Gang Niu, Rui Tian, Guofeng Zhang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced apoptosis is a widely practiced strategy for cancer therapy. Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) takes advantage of the spatial–temporal control of ROS generation, the meticulous participation of light, photosensitizer, and oxygen greatly hinders the broad application of PDT as a first-line cancer treatment option. An activatable system has been developed that enables tumor-specific singlet oxygen (1O2) generation for cancer therapy, based on a Fenton-like reaction between linoleic acid hydroperoxide (LAHP) tethered on iron oxide nanoparticles (IO NPs) and the released iron(II) ions from IO NPs under acidic-pH condition. The IO-LAHP NPs are able to induce efficient apoptotic cancer cell death both in vitro and in vivo through tumor-specific 1O2 generation and subsequent ROS mediated mechanism. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of modulating biochemical reactions as a ROS source to exert cancer death. Singlet oxygen generation through an activatable biochemical reaction between lipid hydroperoxide and catalytic iron(II) ions from iron oxide nanoparticles was engineered as a novel cancer therapy strategy, which showed promise to exert apoptotic cancer cell death both in vitro and in vivo.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201701181

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