3 years ago

Photocatalytic Dehalogenation of Aromatic Halides on Ta2O5-Supported Pt–Pd Bimetallic Alloy Nanoparticles Activated by Visible Light

Photocatalytic Dehalogenation of Aromatic Halides on Ta2O5-Supported Pt–Pd Bimetallic Alloy Nanoparticles Activated by Visible Light
Takayuki Hirai, Satoshi Ichikawa, Yasuhiro Shiraishi, Hirokatsu Sakamoto, Jun Imai, Shunsuke Tanaka
Dehalogenation of aromatic halides is one important reaction for detoxification and organic synthesis. Photocatalytic dehalogenation with alcohol, a safe hydrogen source, is one promising method; however, systems reported earlier need UV irradiation. We found that Pt–Pd bimetallic alloy nanoparticles (ca. 4 nm) supported on Ta2O5 (PtPd/Ta2O5), on absorption of visible light (λ > 450 nm), efficiently promote dehalogenation with 2-PrOH as a hydrogen source. Catalytic dehydrogenation of 2-PrOH on the alloy in the dark produces hydrogen atoms (H) on the particles. Photoexcitation of d electrons on the alloy particles by absorbing visible light produces hot electrons (ehot). They efficiently reduce the adsorbed H atoms and produce hydride species (H) active for dehalogenation. The catalytic activity depends on the Pt/Pd mole ratio; alloy particles consisting of 70 mol % of Pt and 30 mol % of Pd exhibit the highest activity for dehalogenation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b01735

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b01735

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