5 years ago

Tuning Nb–Pt Interactions To Facilitate Fuel Cell Electrocatalysis

Tuning Nb–Pt Interactions To Facilitate Fuel Cell Electrocatalysis
Guangnan Meng, James Waldecker, Kerrie Gath, Shraboni Ghoshal, Zi-Feng Ma, Haiying Che, Michael K. Bates, Wentao Liang, Sanjeev Mukerjee, Qingying Jia, Chunchuan Xu, Jun Yang, Jingkun Li
High stability, availability of multiple oxidation states, and accessibility within a wide electrochemical window are the prime features of Nb that make it a favorable candidate for electrocatalysis, especially when it is combined with Pt. However, Nb has been used as a support in the form of oxides in all previously reported Pt–Nb electrocatalysts, and no Pt–Nb alloying phase has been demonstrated hitherto. Herein, we report a multifunctional Pt–Nb composite (PtNb/NbOx-C) where Nb exists both as an alloying component with Pt and as an oxide support and is synthesized by means of a simple wet chemical method. In this work, the Pt–Nb alloy phase has been firmly verified with the help of multiple spectroscopic methods. This allows for the experimental evidence of the theoretical prediction that Pt–Nb alloy interactions improve the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity of Pt. In addition, such a combination of multiphase Nb brings up myriad features encompassing increased ORR durability, immunity to phosphate anion poisoning, enhanced hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) activity, and oxidative carbon monoxide (CO) stripping, making this electrocatalyst useful in multiple fuel cell systems.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.7b01061

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b01061

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