Low-temperature nematic phase in asymmetrical 1,3,4-oxadiazole bent-core liquid crystals possessing lateral methoxy group
Asymmetrical bent-core molecules based on 1,3,4-oxadiazole bent-core unit have been synthesised as a new design with a lateral methoxy group at outer phenyl ring of the molecule. These new asymmetrical bent-core molecules resemble hockey-stick shaped due to the presence of two different arms of different lengths. One arm of these molecules is elongated having two phenyl rings and possesses a 4-n-alkyloxy chain of a different number of carbon atoms (n = 4, 8, 12 and 18) and other arm is short and has one phenyl ring with fixed 4-n-octyloxy chain. The bent-core molecules possess a lateral polar methoxy group at the elongated arm of the molecule. These bent-core compounds exhibited fluorescence emission in the UV wavelength region (~377–386 nm) whereas in acetonitrile and dimethylformamide, solvent displays blue emission peak with a large stoke shift.The bent-core molecules with the number of carbon atoms (n = 4, 8 and 12) at the elongated arm exhibited monotropic nematic phase at low temperature, while the 4-n-octadecyloxy chain at the elongated arm displayed smectic A phase. Dielectric studies were performed in the nematic phase of the bent-core mesogens confirm the formation of the cybotactic cluster in the nematic mesophases.
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