4 years ago

Quantification of differential gene expression by multiplexed targeted resequencing of cDNA

Quantification of differential gene expression by multiplexed targeted resequencing of cDNA
Jay Shendure, Alexander Hoischen, Cornelis A. Albers, Jori van der Raadt, Marloes Steehouwer, Peer Arts, Sebastianus H.C. van Gestel
Whole-transcriptome or RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) is a powerful and versatile tool for functional analysis of different types of RNA molecules, but sample reagent and sequencing cost can be prohibitive for hypothesis-driven studies where the aim is to quantify differential expression of a limited number of genes. Here we present an approach for quantification of differential mRNA expression by targeted resequencing of complementary DNA using single-molecule molecular inversion probes (cDNA-smMIPs) that enable highly multiplexed resequencing of cDNA target regions of 100 nucleotides and counting of individual molecules. We show that accurate estimates of differential expression can be obtained from molecule counts for hundreds of smMIPs per reaction and that smMIPs are also suitable for quantification of relative gene expression and allele-specific expression. Compared with low-coverage RNA-Seq and a hybridization-based targeted RNA-Seq method, cDNA-smMIPs are a cost-effective high-throughput tool for hypothesis-driven expression analysis in large numbers of genes (10 to 500) and samples (hundreds to thousands).

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15190

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15190

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