Synthesis of chiral azobenzene derivatives and the performance in photochemical control of blue phase liquid crystal
A series of chiral azobenzene compounds with branched terminal were synthesised, and the photosensitive performances were investigated accordingly. It was found that the photochemical properties were mainly affected by the trans–cis configuration of azobenzene and the linked position between the azobenzene and chiral centre. The para-type azobenzenes showed general photochemical decrease in helical twisting power (HTP), but the meta-type ones appeared interestingly showed photochemical increase in HTP. This work provided an effective method for designing molecules to control blue phase (BP) including adjusting colours, inducing BP and extending BP range, which was promising in the applications of optically addressable devices.