3 years ago

Mimicking the behaviour of rigid rod molecules. Smectic H liquid crystals from amphiphilic quaternary ammonium salts

Mimicking the behaviour of rigid rod molecules. Smectic H liquid crystals from amphiphilic quaternary ammonium salts
F. Petrakli, M. Arkas, I. Kitsou

The effect of secondary hydrogen-bonding interactions on the crystalline and liquid crystalline phases of quaternary ammonium salts functionalised with a carboxylic group attached at the polar head through a decyl spacer of a homologous series of N-alkyl-N-carboxydecyl-N,N-dimethylammonium bromides was investigated by polarising optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. The low-temperature crystal phases were found to have a lamellar structure in which the ammonium bromide groups are arranged within the layers in two distinct planes, alternately separated by single layers of alkyl chains and double layers of carboxydecyl chains coupled through the carboxyl end groups. At higher temperatures, although these molecules were made from soft flexible chains, smectic H mesophases were identified. The smectic layers were found to be formed by the same two ionic planes alternately separated by the alkyl and carboxydecyl sub-layers. The smectic structure was compared with the three-dimensional positional order observed in the smectic T phase of dihydroxyl functionalised quaternary ammonium salts already described in the literature.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02678292.2017.1295476

DOI: 10.1080/02678292.2017.1295476

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.