3 years ago

Aβ plaque-selective NIR fluorescence probe to differentiate Alzheimer's disease from tauopathies

Aβ plaque-selective NIR fluorescence probe to differentiate Alzheimer's disease from tauopathies
Selective detection and staining of toxic amyloid plaques, a potential biomarker present in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain is crucial for both clinical diagnosis and monitoring AD disease progression. Herein, we report a coumarin-quinoline (CQ) conjugate-based turn-on near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence probe for specific detection of β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregates. CQ probe is highly sensitive and exhibits ~100-fold fluorescence enhancement in vitro upon binding Aβ aggregates with enhanced quantum yield. Furthermore, the probe has ~10-fold higher binding affinity towards Aβ aggregates (86nM) compared to commonly used Thioflavin T. Most importantly, CQ probe displays unambiguous selectivity towards Aβ aggregates compared to other toxic protein aggregates such as tau, α-synuclein (α-Syn) and islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). In addition, CQ is nontoxic to neuronal cells and shows significant blood brain barrier permeability. Remarkably, CQ stains Aβ plaques in human brain tissue over co-existing tau aggregates and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), which are associated in AD and tauopathies. This is a highly desirable attribute to distinguish AD from tau pathology and mixed dementia.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0956566317304062

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