3 years ago

Toward a hydrocarbon-based chemical for wettability alteration of reservoir rocks to gas wetting condition: Implications to gas condensate reservoirs

Toward a hydrocarbon-based chemical for wettability alteration of reservoir rocks to gas wetting condition: Implications to gas condensate reservoirs
Recently, wettability alteration has been much attended by researchers for studying well productivity improvement in gas condensate reservoirs. Previous studies in this area only utilized water/alcohol based chemicals for this purpose. While, hydrocarbon nature of the blocked condensate in retrograde gas reservoirs, may motivate application of hydrocarbon based chemical agents. In this study, a new hydrocarbon based wettability modifier is introduced to alter wettability of carbonate and sandstone rocks to preferentially gas wetting condition. Static and dynamic contact angle measurements, spontaneous imbibition and core flooding tests were conducted to investigate the effect of proposed chemical on surface wetting behavior, and fluid flow characteristics at core scale. SEM, EDX, EDX map and FTIR tests are used to characterize the adsorbed chemical layer and also to endorse the adsorption of fluorinated chemicals on both sandstone and carbonate rock surfaces. It is inferred from the results of contact angle hysteresis at different levels of tilt angle that the surface roughness increased as a result of treatment with the new chemical. Measurements of surface free energy of calcite thin section at different tilt angles, by means of dynamic contact angle method, showed a significance decrease due to treatment with the new chemical, the factor of reduction ranges from 0.24 to 0.03. The results of air-water and air-n-decane spontaneous imbibition tests showed remarkable decrease in the ultimate imbibed liquids by a factor of 0.14 and 0.34, respectively. Also, core flooding experiment results demonstrated improvement of liquid phase endpoint relative permeability by a factor of 1.73 as a result of treatment with the proposed chemical fluid. The proposed chemical is miscible with dropped out condensate and does not suffer from instability due to reservoir brine salinity. Effectiveness, as well as hydrocarbon base of the proposed chemical makes it an attractive candidate for possible applications to enhance condensate recovery due to both condensate and water blockage in gas reservoirs by wettability alteration technique.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016773221734299X

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