3 years ago

In Situ Silver Nanowire Deposited Cross-Linked Carboxymethyl Cellulose: A Potential Transdermal Anticancer Drug Carrier

In Situ Silver Nanowire Deposited Cross-Linked Carboxymethyl Cellulose: A Potential Transdermal Anticancer Drug Carrier
Barun Mandal, Animesh Ghosh, Santanu Dhara, Arun Prabhu Rameshbabu, Sagar Pal, Saundray Raj Soni
Recently, a novel biopolymeric nanocomposite hydrogel comprised of in situ formed silver nanowires (AgNWs) deposited chemically cross-linked carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) has been developed, which demonstrates superior efficacy as anticancer drug-curcumin carrier. The cross-linked polymer has been prepared by grafting poly [2-(methacryloyloxy) ethyl trimethylammonium chloride] on CMC using diethylene glycol dimethacrylate cross-linker. The nanocomposite hydrogel has the capability to encapsulate both hydrophobic/hydrophilic transdermal drugs. With variation in reaction conditions/parameters, several composite materials have been synthesized and depending on lower swelling/higher cross-linking and greater gel strength, an optimized grade of nanocomposite hydrogel has been selected. The developed nanocomposite hydrogel is characterized with FTIR/NMR spectra, FESEM/XRD/TGA/AFM/XPS analyses, and UV–visible spectroscopy. Rheological study has been performed to enlighten the gel strength of the composite material. The synthesized nanocomposite hydrogel is biodegradable and nontoxic to mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). In vitro release of curcumin suggests that in situ incorporation of AgNWs on cross-linked CMC enhanced the penetration power of nanocomposite hydrogel and released the drug in sustained way (∼62% for curcumin released in 4 days). Ex vivo rat skin permeation study confirms that the drug from both the cross-linked and nanocomposite hydrogel was permeable through the rat skin in controlled fashion. Additionally the curcumin loaded composite hydrogel can efficiently kill the MG 63 cancer cells, which has been confirmed by apoptosis study and therefore, probably be a suitable carrier for curcumin delivery toward cancer cells.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b10716

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b10716

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