3 years ago

Wireless Electrochemiluminescence at Nafion–Carbon Microparticle Composite Films

Wireless Electrochemiluminescence at Nafion–Carbon Microparticle Composite Films
Samantha F. Douman, Robert J. Forster, Eoin Brennan, Emmanuel I. Iwuoha
Thin films of a composite of nafion and carbon microparticles have been deposited on nonconducting substrates and their conductivity as well as their ability to generate electrochemiluminescence investigated. The films exhibit very low conductivity (<6 × 103 S m–1) for low particle loadings, but once the percolation threshold is reached (volume percentage of 71 ± 8% carbon particles), the conductivity increases dramatically and a maximum conductivity of 2.0 ± 0.1 × 107 S m–1 is achieved. The electrochemical properties of the composites, including heterogeneous electron transfer rates, were probed using cyclic voltammetry. Significantly, bipolar, or wireless, electrochemiluminescence can be generated with films that contain >65% (by volume) carbon particles using [Ru(bpy)3]2+ as the luminophore and tripropylamine as the coreactant, at an electric field of 14 V cm–1. Under these conditions, the complete film is sufficiently conducting to become polarized in the external electric field and the electrochemiluminescence intensity correlates strongly with the film conductivity. These results demonstrate the usefulness of particle arrays for the wireless generation of electrochemiluminescence at relatively low electric field strengths.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03040

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03040

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