3 years ago

Competitive amperometric immunosensor for determination of p53 protein in urine with carbon nanotubes/gold nanoparticles screen-printed electrodes: A potential rapid and noninvasive screening tool for early diagnosis of urinary tract carcinoma

Competitive amperometric immunosensor for determination of p53 protein in urine with carbon nanotubes/gold nanoparticles screen-printed electrodes: A potential rapid and noninvasive screening tool for early diagnosis of urinary tract carcinoma
Since p53 protein has become recognized biomarker for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in oncological diseases with particular relevance for bladder cancer, it is highly desirable to search for a novel sensing tool for detecting the patient's p53 level at the early stage. Here we report the first study on the development and validation of a novel disposable competitive amperometric immunosensor for determination of p53 protein at subnanomolar levels, based on p53 immobilization on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanotubes modified screen-printed carbon electrodes. The assay protocol requires the use of single anti-p53 mouse monoclonal antibody (DO-7 clone), able to recognize both wild-type and mutant p53. The developed immunosensor as well as the protocol of the electrochemical immunoassay were optimized by means of an experimental design procedure to assess the suitability of the device to be validated and applied for the determination of p53 in untreated and undiluted urine samples. It was found that the developed competitive immunodevice was able to achieve wide linear range detection of wild-type p53 from 20 pM to 10 nM with a low detection limit of 14 pM in synthetic urine samples, suggesting the sensor's capability of working in a complex sample matrix. The excellent performance results also in terms of selectivity, trueness and precision, coupled with the advantages of an easy preparation and low-cost assay in contrast to other methods which require very complex, time-consuming and costly nanostructured architectures, makes the developed competitive immunosensor an analytically robust diagnostic tool, valuable for implementation of screening and follow-up programs in patients with urologic malignancies.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0003267017310462

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