3 years ago

Constructing novel dihydrofuran and dihydroisoxazole analogues of isocombretastatin-4 as tubulin polymerization inhibitors through [3+2] reactions

Constructing novel dihydrofuran and dihydroisoxazole analogues of isocombretastatin-4 as tubulin polymerization inhibitors through [3+2] reactions
[3+2] reactions play a key role in constructing various pharmaceutical moleculars. In this study, using Mn(OAc)3 mediated and 1,3-dipolar [3+2] cyclization reactions, 38 novel dihydrofuran and dihydroisoxazole analogues of isoCA-4 were synthesized as inhibitors of tubulin polymerization. Among them, compound 6g was found to be the most potent cytotoxic agents against PC-3 cells with IC50 value of 0.47μM, and compound 5p exhibted highest activity on HeLa cells with IC50 vaule of 2.32µM. Tubulin polymerization assay revealed that 6g was a dose-dependent and effective inhibitor of tubulin assembly. Immunohistochemistry studies and cell cycle distribution analysis indicated that 6g severely disrupted microtubule network and significantly arrested most cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle in PC-3 cells. In addition, molecular docking studies showed that two chiral isomers of 6g can bind efficiently and similarly at colchicine binding site of tubulin.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S096808961731283X

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