3 years ago

Non-steroidal Estrogen Receptor Isoform Selective Biphenyls

Non-steroidal Estrogen Receptor Isoform Selective Biphenyls
Anjali Soni, Megha Rikhi, Seema Bhatnagar, B. Jayaram, Swati Kaushik, T R Santhosh Kumar
Estrogen receptor (ER) has been a therapeutic target to treat ER positive breast cancer, most notably by agents known as selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). However, resistance and severe adverse effects of known drugs gave impetus to the search for newer agents with better therapeutic profile. ERα and ERβ are two isoforms sharing 56% identity, and having different physiological functions and expressions in various tissues. Only two residues differ in the active sites of the two isoforms motivating us to design isoform selective ligands. Guided by computational docking and molecular dynamics simulations, we have designed, synthesized and tested, substituted biphenyl-2,6-diethanones and their derivatives as potential agents targeting ERα. Four of the molecules synthesized exhibited preferential cytotoxicity in ERα+ cell line (MCF-7) compared to ERβ+ cell line (MDA-MB-231). Molecular dynamics (MD) in combination with molecular mechanics-generalized born surface area (MM-GBSA) methods could account for binding selectivity. Further co-treatment and E-screen studies with known ER ligands- estradiol (E2) and tamoxifen (Tam) indicated isoform selective anti-estrogenicity in ERα+ cell line which might be ER mediated. ERα siRNA silencing experiments further confirmed the ER selective nature of ligands. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Novel substituted biphenyl-2,6-diethanones are designed and synthesized targeting ERα isoform.MD simulations along with MM-GBSA accounted for the binding selectivity of 3b towards ERα over ERβ.Co-treatment and E-screen studies indicated the ERα selective nature of 3b and anti-estrogenicity.ERα siRNA silencing experiments further confirmed the isoform selectivity.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/cbdd.13126

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