5 years ago

Superconducting Phases of Phosphorus Hydride Under Pressure: Stabilization by Mobile Molecular Hydrogen

Superconducting Phases of Phosphorus Hydride Under Pressure: Stabilization by Mobile Molecular Hydrogen
Daniel P. Miller, Tiange Bi, Andrew Shamp, Eva Zurek
At 80 GPa, phases with the PH2 stoichiometry, which are composed of simple cubic like phosphorus layers capped with hydrogen atoms and layers of H2 molecules, are predicted to be important species contributing to the recently observed superconductivity in compressed phosphine. The electron–phonon coupling in these phases results from the motions of the phosphorus atoms and the hydrogen atoms bound to them. The role of the mobile H2 layers is to decrease the Coulomb repulsion between the negatively charged hydrogen atoms capping the phosphorus layers. An insulating PH5 phase, the structure and bonding of which is reminiscent of diborane, is also predicted to be metastable at this pressure. Superconducting main group hydrides: Calculations predict that a two-dimensional superconductor composed of layers of phosphorus atoms that are capped with hydrogen atoms can be synthesized at 80 GPa. Layers of fluid hydrogen molecules that minimize Coulomb repulsion between 2D sheets are key to the stability. Such a phase may be responsible for the recently observed superconductivity below 30 K at 83 GPa in compressed “phosphine”.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201701660

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