3 years ago

Brain-to-Brain Synchronization across Two Persons Predicts Mutual Prosociality.

Li Xianchun, Yinying Hu, Xiaojun Cheng, Yi Hu, Yafeng Pan
People tend to be more prosocial after synchronizing behaviors with others, yet the underlying neural mechanisms are rarely known. In the present study, participant dyads performed either a coordination task or an independence task, with their brain activations recorded via the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) hyperscanning technique. Participant dyads in the coordination group showed higher synchronized behaviors and greater subsequent inclination to helping each other than those in the independent group, indicating the prosocial effect of interpersonal synchrony. Importantly, the coordination group demonstrated the significant task-related brain coherence, namely the inter-brain synchronization (IBS), at the left middle frontal area. The detected IBS was sensitive to shared intentionality between participants and was correlated with the mutual prosocial inclination. Further, the task-related brain coherence played a mediation role in the prosocial effect of interpersonal synchrony. This study reveals the relevance of brain-to-brain synchronization among individuals with subsequent mutual prosocial inclination, and suggests the neural mechanism associating with shared cognition for the facilitation of interpersonal synchrony on prosociality.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsx118

DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsx118

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