3 years ago

Novel mutations in KLF1 encoding the In(Lu) phenotype reflect a diversity of clinical presentations

Margaret A. Keller, Sunitha Vege, Judith Aeschlimann, Connie M. Westhoff, Christine Lomas-Francis, Regina M. Leger, Trina Horn, Jessica Keller
BACKGROUND Mutation in the KLF1 gene is the cause of the In(Lu) (Inhibitor of Lutheran) Lu(a–b–) phenotype and more than 60 alleles have been associated with this phenotype. Here we describe findings from investigation of seven cases: six presenting with a Lu(a–b–) phenotype including the historical index case and one referred from a patient with chronic anemia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Serologic testing was by standard methods. DNA testing included amplification and sequencing of KLF1 and LU coding regions. A StuI polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism was designed to target c.304T>C in KLF1. RESULTS Five different KLF1 alleles were identified. Three are new: KLF1*90A (p.Trp30Ter), KLF*911A (p.Thr304Lys), and KLF1*304C,318G (p. Ser102Pro, Tyr106Ter) present in two unrelated individuals. Two, including the index case, had c.954dupG (p.Arg319Glufs*34), that is, KLF1*BGM06. The child with unexplained anemia had c.973G>A (p.Glu325Lys), associated with congenital dyserythropoietic anemia. The common c.304T>C was found in two of the seven samples investigated and in 60 of 100 blood donors. CONCLUSION Mutations in KLF1 are pleiotropic and although most are benign, others are associated with hematologic abnormalities. We report three new KLF1 alleles associated with benign In(Lu) and document both the molecular basis of the original In(Lu) phenotype using a frozen sample stored for more than 50 years and the cause of unexplained anemia in a child. We also confirm previous observations that c.304C (p.102Pro) is not, by itself, associated with an In(Lu) phenotype in donors self-identified as U.S. minorities.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/trf.14378

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