3 years ago

Structural insights into natural compounds as inhibitors of Fasciola gigantica thioredoxin glutathione reductase

Parismita Kalita, Harish Shukla, Rohit Shukla, Timir Tripathi
Fascioliasis is caused by the helminth parasites of genus Fasciola. Thioredoxin glutathione reductase (TGR) is an important enzyme in parasitic helminths and plays an indispensable role in its redox biology. In the present study, we conducted a structure-based virtual screening of natural compounds against the Fasciola gigantica TGR (FgTGR). The compounds were docked against FgTGR in four sequential docking modes. The screened ligands were further assessed for Lipinski and ADMET prediction so as to evaluate drug proficiency and likeness property. After refinement, three potential inhibitors were identified that were subjected to 50 ns molecular dynamics simulation and free energy binding analyses to evaluate the dynamics of protein-ligand interaction and the stability of the complexes. Key residues involved in the interaction of the selected ligands were also determined. The results suggested that three top hits had a negative binding energy greater than GSSG (−91.479 KJ.mol−1), having −152.657 kJ.mol−1, −141.219 kJ.mol−1, and −92.931 kJ.mol−1 for compounds with IDs ZINC85878789, ZINC85879991, and ZINC36369921, respectively. Further analysis showed that the compound ZINC85878789 and ZINC85879991 displayed substantial pharmacological and structural properties to be a drug candidate. Thus, the present study might prove useful for the future design of new derivatives with higher potency and specificity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26444

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