3 years ago

Structural and thermodynamic analyses reveal critical features of glycopeptide recognition by the human PILRα immune cell receptor.

Shunichi Hashimoto, Jiro Sakamoto, Atsushi Furukawa, Toyoyuki Ose, Nanao Hatori, Takashi Saitoh, Hisashi Arase, Naoyoshi Maeda, Kimiko Kuroki, Katsumi Maenaka, Fumina Ohsaka, Hisanori Nambu, Mikihiro Ishizuka, Takao Nomura, Tomoki Yamada, Masahiro Anada, Kosuke Kakita, Shigeki Matsunaga
Before entering host cells, herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) uses its envelope glycoprotein B (gB) to bind paired immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor α (PILRα) on immune cells. PILRα belongs to the Siglec (sialic acid (SA)-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin)-like family, members of which bind SA. PILRα is the only Siglec member to recognize not only the sialylated O-linked sugar T antigen (sTn) but also its attached peptide region. We previously determined the crystal structure of PILRα complexed with the sTn-linked glycopeptide of gB, revealing the simultaneous recognition of sTn and peptide by the receptor. However, the contribution of each glycopeptide component to PILRα binding was largely unclear. Here, we chemically synthesized glycopeptide derivatives and determined the thermodynamic parameters of their interaction with PILRα. We show that glycopeptides with different sugar units linking SA and peptides (i.e. ″GlcNAc type″ and ″Deoxy GlcNAc type″ glycopeptides) have lower affinity and more enthalpic-driven binding than the wildtype (i.e. GalNAc type glycopeptide). The crystal structures of PILRα complexed with these glycopeptides highlighted the importance of stereochemical positioning of the O4 atom of the sugar moiety. These results provide insights both for understanding the unique O-glycosylated peptide recognition by the PILRα and for the rational design of HSV-1 entry inhibitors.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.799239

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.799239

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