3 years ago

Mammalian Numb protein antagonizes Notch by controlling postendocytic trafficking of the Notch ligand Delta-like 4.

Hongchang Li, Juntao Chen, Ming Zhao, Huashun Li, Zhihao Ding, Yuzhen Zhang, Ke Liu, Yang Hong, Haiyan Sun, Xianming Liu, Ximing Shao
The biological antagonism between the signaling proteins Numb and Notch has been implicated in the regulation of many developmental processes, especially in asymmetric cell division. Mechanistic studies show that Numb inactivates Notch via endocytosis and proteasomal degradation that directly reduce Notch protein levels at the cell surface. However, some aspects of how Numb antagonizes Notch remain unclear. Here, we report a novel mechanism in which Numb acts as a Notch antagonist by controlling the intracellular destination and stability of the Notch ligand Delta-like 4 (Dll4) through a postendocytic-sorting process. We observed that Numb/Numblike knockdown increases the stability and cell-surface accumulation of Dll4. Further study indicated that Numb acts as a sorting switch to control the postendocytic trafficking of Dll4. Of note, the Numb/Numblike knockdown decreased Dll4 delivery to the lysosome, while increasing the recycling of Dll4 to the plasma membrane. Moreover, we demonstrate that this enrichment of Dll4 at the cell surface within Numb/Numblike knockdown cells could activate Notch signaling in neighboring cells. We also provide evidence that Numb negatively controls the Dll4 plasma membrane recycling through a well-documented recycling regulator protein AP1. In conclusion, our study has uncovered a molecular mechanism whereby Numb regulates the endocytic trafficking of the Notch ligand Dll4. Our findings provide a new perspective on how Numb counteracts Notch signaling and shed additional critical insights into the antagonistic relationship between Numb and Notch signaling.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M117.800946

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.800946

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