3 years ago

Enhancing Raman signals through electromagnetic hot zones induced by magnetic dipole resonance of metal-free nanoparticles.

Bo-Cheng Lin, Yang-Chun Lee, Tzu-Yao Lin, Yi-Chuan Tseng, Hsuen-Li Chen, Dai-Liang Ma, Sih-Wei Chang
In this study, we found that the large area of electromagnetic field hot zone induced through magnetic dipole resonance of metal-free structures can greatly enhance Raman scattering signals. The magnetic resonant nanocavities, based on high-refractive-index silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs), were designed to resonate at the wavelength of the excitation laser of the Raman system. The well-dispersed SiNPs that were not closely packed displayed significant magnetic dipole resonance and gave a Raman enhancement per unit volume of 59 347. The hot zones of intense electric field were generated not only within the nonmetallic NPs but also around them, even within the underlying substrate. We observed experimentally that gallium nitride (GaN) and silicon carbide (SiC) surfaces presenting very few SiNPs (coverage: <0.3%) could display significantly enhanced (>50%) Raman signals. In contrast, the Raman signals of the underlying substrates were not enhanced by gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), even though these NPs displayed a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) phenomenon. A comparison of the areas of the electric field hot zones (E (2) > 10) generated by SiNPs undergoing magnetic dipole resonance with the electric field hot spots (E (2) > 10) generated by AuNPs undergoing LSPR revealed that the former was approximately 70 times that of the latter. More noteworthily, the electromagnetic field hot zone generated from the SiNP is able to extend into the surrounding and underlying media. Relative to metallic NPs undergoing LSPR, these nonmetallic NPs displaying magnetic dipole resonance were more effective at enhancing the Raman scattering signals from analytes that were underlying, or even far away from, them. This application of magnetic dipole resonance in metal-free structures appears to have great potential for use in developing next-generation techniques for Raman enhancement.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/aa8c2a

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aa8c2a

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