3 years ago

Use of fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to examine the Fe(II)-Catalyzed transformation of ferrihydrite

Use of fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to examine the Fe(II)-Catalyzed transformation of ferrihydrite
The Fe(II)-catalyzed transformation of the poorly crystalline Fe(III) oxyhydroxide mineral, ferrihydrite (Fh), to more crystalline Fe(III) mineral species such as magnetite, goethite, and lepidocrocite has been quantitatively evaluated under various conditions using X-ray adsorption spectroscopy (XAS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Using the peak height of signature FTIR peaks of sub-micron sized lepidocrocite and goethite references minerals, the FTIR results were comparable to the XAS results within experimental error. This was independent of whether the Fe(II)-catalyzed transformation was initiated by the Fe(III)-reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 or by added ferrous ammonium sulfate in the presence or absence of lactate. Whilst the use of FTIR has not been previously employed to follow this transformation process, it has advantages relative to XAS including a lower sample requirement (approximately 30-fold lower), greater accessibility and greater safety of operation. Whilst problems with quantifying magnetite in the presence of lepidocrocite were identified in this study using reference Fe(III) oxyhydroxide suspensions, large amounts of magnetite were not produced during transformation under the conditions employed in this study. Reference spectra of lath-like nano-goethite particles (with dimensions of approx. 10 × 50nm) also resulted in higher IR absorbance and a slight red-shift in signature peak positions relative to sub-micron sized goethite particles with this shift potentially affecting the reliable quantification of samples of unknown size. Despite this, good agreement between the XAS and FTIR data for samples containing iron oxides undergoing continuous transformation was obtained suggesting that FTIR may be a convenient, inexpensive means of following such mineral transformations.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0039914017307312

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