3 years ago

Emulsions stabilized by nanofibers from bacterial cellulose: New potential food-grade Pickering emulsions

Emulsions stabilized by nanofibers from bacterial cellulose: New potential food-grade Pickering emulsions
In the present work, we investigated the formation and stability of Pickering emulsions stabilized by nanoparticles generated from bacterial cellulose (BC) by hydrochloric acid hydrolysis. The resulting particles, called nanofibers, presented a ribbonlike shape with diameters of 30–80nm and range in length from 100nm to several micrometers. The obtained nanofibers showed good hydrophilic and lipophilic properties and had significant ability to reduce the surface tension of oil/water droplets from 48.55±0.03 to 34.52±0.05mN/m. The oil-in-water Pickering emulsions with a peanut oil concentration of 15% (v/v) were stabilized by only 0.05% (w/v) nanofibers and displayed a narrow droplet size distribution and high intensity with an average droplet size of 15.00±0.82nm. The morphological studies confirmed the nano-scaled droplets of emulsions. The effects of pH values and temperatures on the creaming ability and physical stability were also evaluated by zeta-potential and droplet sizes. Results showed that emulsions displayed relatively lower creaming ability at pH<7, while displayed optimal physical stability and dispersibility at pH7. The temperature (20–100°C) and time-dependent test (0–4weeks) indicated that the Pickering emulsions stabilized by only 0.05% (w/v) nanofibers displayed excellent stability. Due to the sustainability and good bio-compatibility of nanofibers from BC, the developed emulsions stabilized by low concentration of nanofibers can be used as new food-grade Pickering emulsions and have great potential to deliver lipophilic bioactive substances in food industry.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0963996917307111

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